Archives for May 2014

Phonological Processes

Phonological processes are typically developing speech sound errors which occur in children.  These processes usually remediate themselves by age 5.5.

The most common processes include:

Final consonant deletion- the deletion of a final consonant in a word (e.g. “bed” becomes “be”)

Fronting- is the substitution of sounds in the front of the mouth for back sounds (e.g. “cup” becomes “tup”)

Stopping- is the substitution of a sound which momentarily stops the airflow, for those which are “*noisy” sounds (e.g. “sail” becomes “tail.”)

Cluster reduction- is the deletion of one or more consonants from a 2 or 3 word cluster (e.g. “spot” becomes “pot”)

Stridency Deletion- is the deletion or substitution of a “*noisy” sound (e.g. “fin” becomes “in”)

Gliding- is when an /r/ becomes a /w/ or /l/ becomes a /w/ or /j/ (e.g. “rail” becomes “whale”)

*noisy sounds include: /f/ /v/ /sh/ /ch/ /j/ /s,z/

When these processes occur more than 40% of the time in a child’s speech, it may negatively impact his/her intelligibility.

For more information on phonological processes and how to remediate them, please visit :

http://community.advanceweb.com/blogs/sp_13/archive/2014/05/01/elimination-of-phonological-processes-in-early-intervention.aspx